Rethinking Vocabulary

In math, vocabulary is important. I mean, it’s really, really important. It’s important to those of us who can’t stand when someone points at an equilateral rectangle and a non-equilateral rectangle and insists the equilateral rectangle can ONLY be called a square, and it isn’t a rectangle. It’s important to those of us who know that the word unique doesn’t just mean unusual. Then we develop tons of notation and jargon, and we speak in our own funny language, and tell students that if they want to join the math party, they have to memorize all of these obscure words with different meanings than they’ve been taught before.

This has always been problematic to me, and I think I have a better idea of why now. As with so many revelations, this was largely born through thinking about Dan Meyer’s analogy of a problem being a headache, and math being the cure. But…these are always about the problem that a student is trying to solve without knowing the math required, and creating that need in the student to learn the math for a better reason than because we say so.

Well, what if we taught math vocabulary that way? That is, instead of telling students that the side opposite the right angle in a right triangle on a plane is called a hypotenuse, let them realize that it’s pretty tedious to always refer to the side opposite the right angle in a right triangle on a plane as the side opposite the right angle in a right triangle on a plane.

Polygraphs in Desmos I think are a great way to develop this need, where the vocabulary is the cure. I make a point in my class of how important it is to be precise in your mathematical communication, and I never test students on vocabulary. However, I make a point to use the relevant vocabulary regularly once we’ve defined it in the class. I also don’t take off credit if a student does not use the most efficient vocabulary. If she really wants to say the side opposite the right angle in a right triangle on a plane instead of hypotenuse, that’s up to her. As long as she is communicating her ideas effectively, eventually she will recognize the need to be more efficient. Generally, I don’t find that students in my class struggle with vocabulary even though I don’t test them. Both verbally and in written form, that just isn’t a common stumbling block.

My goal now is how to put more thought into making the extraneous words and extra writing and speaking enough of a headache that students are asking for vocabulary words to simplify our language. Does anyone out there do something like this – intentionally? Curious for those who do word walls – what’s your approach? Student created? Definitions/diagrams included? How much do you find it helps? Could the word walls become an aspirin for our challenging language?

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